As a cat owner, you must be entranced with the mystery and beauty of their eyes. Can you imagine what it would be like to experience life with your cat’s vision?
Cats are crepuscular; this means that they are more active during dawn and dusk, and you can tell that with their eyes. Usually, cats have approximately six to eight times the number of cells for viewing objects in low lights as we humans have.
These abilities allow them to have better vision in settings where we would be totally in the dark. They have excellent night vision, which allows them to capture motion in total darkness.
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Moreover, cats tend to have better peripheral vision. In this article, we shall be discussing more on cat vision.
What Is A Cat’s Color Spectrum?
It is a myth that most people think that cats see in white and black; however, you should note that your cat does not have the same color spectrum as you.
You might say that cats are color blind, since they cannot see all colors as they really are; nonetheless, they can still see some muted colors.
The physical structure of the cat’s eye is what blocks them from visualizing rainbow colors. As a human, you have three photopigment receptors, while a cat is equipped with only two. This is what limits their color spectrum.
Colors that tend to be very rich in our eyesight will appear paste-like to a cat; this is as a result of cone cells. There is no doubt that cats are great at looking at the world in a shade of gray; in addition to that, they tend to do great with yellows and blues as well.
However, just like a human who is considered colorblind, cats are not good at distinguishing reds and greens; to cats, red is seen as dark.
Feline Predator Vision
When it comes to hunting, cats are by far the best creatures on the planet for it; it is a skill they have developed, thanks to their eyesight. Their sight allows them to visualize even the slightest movement or well-hidden shapes.
Just like humans, cats tend to have limited peripheral vision; however, they make up for it by using their strong vision, along with their eyes’ placement.
Since cats have eyes that face forward, just like humans, they are capable of determining the precise distance between themselves and their prey; this ensures accuracy, as well as success in hunting down their prey.
Feline Night Vision
Despite the fact that cats can see six to eight times better than humans, their night vision is not that great. This is due to a large number of rod cells, which is one of the two types of photopigment receptor cells equipped in cats.
Furthermore, rod cells are sensitive to light, compared to cone cells, because cats tend to have several rod cells and are capable of perceiving more movements and shapes in low light.
The mirror layer is another effect that makes a cat have better vision in the dark. The mirror layer is located behind the retina, and it reflects the light being absorbed by their eyes.
When a human retina does not see the light, it absorbs it in the black layer behind the retina. However, when it comes to cats, when the light does not hit a rod, it will bounce off of the mirror layer and bounce back.
The light will then have a second chance of hitting the rod, allowing it to be put back to work. Due to these magical mirrored eyes, cats are capable of locating movement in a dark room. That’s what makes them have better eyesight than humans at night.
Despite the fact that they don’t visualize all colors, cats still have excellent eyesight. In addition to their incredible eyesight, cats have excellent an hearing ability, which makes them some of the best hunters on the face of the planet.